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Women Started Smaller Percentage of U.S. Businesses in 2014

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"The average number of businesses started by U.S. women ages 20 to 34 fell nearly 27% since 1996"... basically the ENTIRE web era.

Also according to the Kauffman data:

Startup activity by men under age 35 fell just 3% during this same period. 

Among those ages 35 to 44, startup activity fell 20% for women since 1996, while it rose 16% for men in that age group.

Another important factor: access to capital.

Companies with a female chief executive received just 3% of total venture-capital investments, and just 9% of seed funding between 2011 and 2013, according to a 2014 Diana Project study by Babson College, a private business school in Wellesley, Mass.

“Women have to work harder to convince others that they have what it takes to be successful,” says Sarah Thébaud, an assistant professor of sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

In a set of three experimental studies from 2008 to 2010, male and female university students in the U.S. and the U.K. reviewed and rated the same written business ideas presented by “male” and “female” entrepreneurs.

The students rated the female entrepreneurs as less competent and their ideas as less investment-worthy, according to the studies.

Overall, women in the U.S. are now nearly as likely as men to spot business opportunities...

...according to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, an annual survey measuring the entrepreneurial activity and attitudes of people in the U.S. and around the world. The 2014 U.S. GEM survey, by Babson College, included 3,272 men and women, ages 18 to 74.

Roughly 34% of U.S. women who saw opportunities to start a new business said that fear of failure would keep them from doing so, compared with 25.6% of men.

In addition, 45.9% of U.S. women said they had the capabilities to be an entrepreneur, compared with 61% of men.

“As an educational institution, we try to debunk” the myth that women—or men—must be heroic risk takers in order to be entrepreneurs, says Candida Brush, a Babson professor of entrepreneurship. “Starting a business often is a team-based process,” she adds. “You’re not taking a wild risk. You are taking a calculated risk.”

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