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The Brain From Top to Bottom


Source: http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/

the brain from top to bottomthe brain from top to bottom

a_logo.gifa_p1.gifa_hl_top.gifa_r2.gifSITE MAP 

Level: ADVANCED

Click on a subject to go to its page.

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spacer.gifMolecular

Cellular

Neurological

Psychological

Social

spacer.gifspacer.gifFrom the simple to the complex

spacer.gifAnatomy by Level of Organisation     a_suj_1_m.gifSynapsesspacer.gifa_suj_2_m.gifNeuro-transmittersa_suj_1_cl.gifNeuronsspacer.gifa_suj_2_cl.gifGlial Cellsa_suj_1_cr.gifThe Brainspacer.gifa_suj_2_cr.gifThe Nervous Systema_suj_1_p.gifIndividual Behavioura_suj_1_s.gifSocialGroups     Function by Level of Organization     a_suj_1_m.gifNerveConductionspacer.gifa_suj_2_m.gifSynaptic Transmissiona_suj_1_cl.gifNeural communicationspacer.gifa_suj_2_cl.gifAxonsMyelinationa_suj_1_cr.gifThe Wired Brainspacer.gifa_suj_2_cr.gifThe Hormonal Braina_suj_1_p.gifChoosing Behaviours

a_suj_1_s.gifGroupDynamics

spacer.gifspacer.gifMemory and the brain

spacer.gifHow Memory Works     a_suj_1_m.gifLong-Term Potentiationa_suj_1_cl.gifPlasticityin NeuralNetworksa_suj_1_cr.gifShort-Term Memoryspacer.gifa_suj_2_cr.gifLong Term Memorya_suj_1_p.gifMemory and Learningspacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifSensory, Short-Term and Long-Term Memoryspacer.gifa_suj_3_p.gifDifferents Types of Long-Term Memorya_suj_1_s.gifCollectiveMemory     Forgetting and Amnesia     a_suj_1_m.gifLong-Term Depressiona_suj_1_cl.gifWhen the Hippocampal Circuits are Disturbeda_suj_1_cr.gifLesions that Cause Amnesiaa_suj_1_p.gifHow Exercising your Memory Strenghtens itspacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifTypes of Amnesiaspacer.gifa_suj_3_p.gifAnterograde and Retrograde Amnesiaa_suj_1_s.gifForgettingHistory

spacer.gifspacer.gifPleasure and pain

spacer.gifPleasure-Seeking Behaviour     a_suj_1_m.gifThe Role of Dopaminea_suj_1_cl.gifThe Reward Circuita_suj_1_cr.gifThe Pleasure Centresa_suj_1_p.gifSeekingPleasure and Avoiding Paina_suj_1_s.gifThe Philosophies of Pleasure     Pleasure and Drugs     a_suj_1_m.gifHow DrugsAffect Neuro-Transmittersa_suj_1_cl.gifWhen theReward Circuit Gets Over-Heateda_suj_1_cr.gifThe Pleasure Centres Affected by Drugsa_suj_1_p.gifDrug Consumptionspacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifDrugDependancya_suj_1_s.gifSocial Control of Drugs     Avoiding Pain     a_suj_1_m.gifMolecules that produce painspacer.gifa_suj_2_m.gifMolecules that reduce paina_suj_1_cl.gifAscending pain pathwaysspacer.gifa_suj_2_cl.gifDescending pain-control pathwaysa_suj_1_cr.gifThe neuromatrix of paina_suj_1_p.gifVarious types of painspacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifThe placebo effectspacer.gifa_suj_1_s.gifSharing other people's pain

spacer.gifspacer.gifEmotions and the brain

spacer.gifFear, Anxiety and Anguish     a_suj_1_m.gifAnxiety Neuro-Transmittersspacer.gifa_suj_2_m.gifGABA Receptorsa_suj_1_cl.gifThe Circuits ofthe Body'sAlarm Systema_suj_1_cr.gifThe Amygdala and its Alliesspacer.gifa_suj_2_cr.gifThe Two Pathwaysof Feara_suj_1_p.gifWhen FearTakes the Controlsa_suj_1_s.gifThe Cultures of Fear     

spacer.gifspacer.gifEvolution and the brain

spacer.gifOur Evolutionary Inheritance     a_suj_1_m.gifHow Life On Earth Beganspacer.gifa_suj_2_m.gifThe Building Blocks of Lifea_suj_1_cl.gifThe Origin of Mitochondriaa_suj_1_cr.gifThe Evolutionary Layers of the Human Braina_suj_1_p.gifEvolutionary Psychologyspacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifThe Critique of Evolutionary Psychologya_suj_1_s.gifCreationist Attacks on Evolution     

spacer.gifspacer.gifBody movement and the brain

spacer.gifMaking a Voluntary Movement     a_suj_1_m.gifThe Role of the Neuromuscular Junction in Muscle Contractionspacer.gifa_suj_2_m.gifNicotinic Acetylcholine Receptorsa_suj_1_cl.gifThe Axons Entering and Leaving theMotor Cortexspacer.gifa_suj_2_cl.gifThe Distinctive Architecture of the Cerebelluma_suj_1_cr.gifThe MotorCortexspacer.gifa_suj_2_cr.gifThe Basal Gangliaspacer.gifa_suj_3_cr.gifThe Cerebellumspacer.gifa_suj_4_cr.gifThe Activation Sequence for the Motor Areasa_suj_1_p.gifMental Imagingof BodyMovementsa_suj_1_s.gifThe Organization of Manual Work     

spacer.gifspacer.gifThe senses

spacer.gifVision     a_suj_1_m.gifPhoto-receptorsspacer.gifa_suj_2_m.gifHow Light Gets Converted Into Nerve Impulsesa_suj_1_cl.gifThe Retinaspacer.gifa_suj_2_cl.gifReceptive Fields, from the Retinato the Cortexspacer.gifa_suj_3_cl.gifThe Cellular Structure of the Visual Cortexa_suj_1_cr.gifThe Eyespacer.gifa_suj_2_cr.gifThe Targets of the Optic Nervespacer.gifa_suj_3_cr.gifThe Various Visual Cortexesa_suj_1_p.gifWhat Optical Illusions ShowUs About Visual Perceptiona_suj_1_s.gifMotion Pictures: the Grand Optical Illusion     

spacer.gifspacer.gifMental disorders

spacer.gifDepression and Manic Depression     a_suj_1_m.gifSerotonin and Other Molecules Involved in Depressionspacer.gifa_suj_2_m.gifAntidepressantsa_suj_1_cl.gifAntidepressantsand the Growthof New Neuronsa_suj_1_cr.gifParts of the Brain that Slow Down or Speed Up in Depressiona_suj_1_p.gifSymptoms, Treatments, and Causes of Depressionspacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifSymptoms, Treatments, and Causes of Manic Depressiona_suj_1_s.gifSuicide     Anxiety Disorders     a_suj_1_m.gifTranquilizersa_suj_1_cl.gifThe Traces of Anxiety in the Circuits of the Amygdalaa_suj_1_cr.gifBrain Abnormalities Associated with Anxiety Disordersa_suj_1_p.gifPhobiasspacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifPanicDisordersspacer.gifa_suj_3_p.gifPost-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTST)spacer.gifa_suj_4_p.gifObsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)spacer.gifa_suj_5_p.gifGeneralized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)a_suj_1_s.gifReligions: Helpful Tranquilizers, or Opiate of the People

spacer.gifspacer.gifHow the mind develops

spacer.gifFrom Embryo to Ethics     a_suj_1_m.gifThe GrowthConespacer.gifa_suj_2_m.gifThe Moleculesthat Guide the Growth Conespacer.gifa_suj_3_m.gifTrophic Factors and Neuronal Deathspacer.gifa_suj_4_m.gifFormation and Selective Stabilization of Synapsesspacer.gifa_suj_1_cl.gifHow Stem Cells Form Neuronsspacer.gifa_suj_2_cl.gifHow Neurons Connect to One Anotherspacer.gifa_suj_1_cr.gifFrom Fertilization to Embryospacer.gifa_suj_2_cr.gifHow the Nervous System Beginsspacer.gifa_suj_3_cr.gifHow the Major Subdivisions of the Brain are Formeda_suj_1_p.gifPiaget's Modelof Cognitive Developmentspacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifBeyond Piaget's Modelspacer.gifa_suj_3_p.gifCritical Periods in Cognitive Developmentspacer.gifspacer.gifa_suj_1_s.gifMoral Development     

spacer.gifspacer.gifFrom thought to language

spacer.gifCommunicating in Words     a_suj_1_m.gifGenes that are Essential for Speechspacer.gifa_suj_1_cl.gifAre Mirror Neurons the Basis for Communication ?spacer.gifa_suj_1_cr.gifBroca's Area, Wernicke's Area, and other Language Processing Areas in the Brainspacer.gifa_suj_2_cr.gifModels of Spoken and Written Language Functions in the Brainspacer.gifa_suj_3_cr.gifHandedness, Language, and Brain Lateralizationspacer.gifa_suj_4_cr.gifThe Right Hemisphere's Contribution to Languagea_suj_1_p.gifThe Connections Between Thought and Languagespacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifLearning to Speakspacer.gifa_suj_3_p.gifLanguage Disordersa_suj_1_s.gifThe Origins of Language     

spacer.gifspacer.gifSleep and dreams

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spacer.gifThe Sleep/Dream/Wake Cycle     a_suj_1_m.gifMolecules that build up and make you sleepa_suj_1_cl.gifThe neuronalswitches for waking and sleepingHow neuronsgenerates brain wavesa_suj_1_cr.gifThe brain structures that wake you up and put you to sleepThe brain during REM sleepa_suj_1_p.gifThe different types of sleepspacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifThe sleep cycles in a nightDreamsSleep disordersa_suj_1_s.gifWorking at night     Our Biological Clocks     a_suj_1_m.gifOur molecular clockworka_suj_1_cl.gifLight-sensitive ganglion cellsa_suj_1_cr.gifThe suprachiasmatic nuclei and the pineal glanda_suj_1_p.gifChronobiologya_suj_1_s.gifJet lag 

The Sense of Self     a_suj_1_m.gifCan quantum effects explain counsciousness?

a_suj_1_cl.gifNeuronal assemblies and synchronization of brain activitya_suj_1_cr.gifCan states of consciousness be mapped in the brain?a_suj_1_p.gifWhat is consciousness?spacer.gifa_suj_2_p.gifPhilosophical position on consciousnessTheories of consciousness in the cognitive sciencesFlaws in the classical model of consciousnessa_suj_5_p.gifSome promising concepts and models from the neurosciencesa_suj_1_s.gifThe function and evolutionary origins of consciousnessa_suj_2_s.gifThe question of free will 

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So much good information! http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/

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