A new chapter in the worldâ€™s oldest story...
www ccc stashed this in Origin Stories
The 20 new lines offer some new insights into the epic. Ancient History outlines a few:
- Gilgamesh and Enkidu saw "monkeys" as part of the exotic and noisy fauna of the Cedar Forest; this was not mentioned in other versions of the Epic.
- Humbaba emerges, not as a barbarian ogre, and but as a foreign ruler entertained with exotic music at court in the manner of Babylonian kings. The chatter of monkeys, chorus of cicadaÂ and squawking of many kinds of birds formed a symphony (or cacophony) that daily entertained the forestâ€™s guardian, Humbaba.
So the Cedar Forest is a cacophonous abode of the gods. And there's also a curiously modern wrinkle, as GeorgeÂ explained to Live Science:
"Gilgamesh and Enkidu cut down the cedar to takeÂ home to Babylonia, and the new text carries a line that seems to express Enkidu's recognition that reducing the forest to a wasteland is a bad thing to have done, and will upset the gods," George said. Like the description of the forest, this kind of ecological awareness is very rare in ancient poetry, he added.
The Epic of Gilgamesh played a clearly prominent role in ancient Mesopotamia and was passed down over the centuries until it gotÂ buried and forgotten amid the ruins of the region's many lapsed kingdoms. The Babylonian tablets now under scrutiny are 2,600 years old. The story was onlyÂ rediscoveredÂ by aÂ BritishÂ philologist in the 19th century, who encountered the epic while toiling away in a musty archive of the British Museum.
I gotta admit, I had not heard of the Epic of Gilgamesh until now.