2016: A UN-appointed tribunal dismisses Chinaâ€™s claims in the South China Sea | The Economist
www ccc stashed this in Chinoi Moderne
The judgement by the Permanent Court of Arbitration had long been expected to contradict Chinaâ€™s assertions and uphold the complaints raised by the Philippines when it lodged the case (with strong American backing) in January 2013. Apparently with this in mind, China had stepped up its building of artificial islands, hoping that by establishing firmer footholds on them it would be impossible for any claimant to push it back without risking confrontation. The construction of what an American admiral called a â€śgreat wall of sandâ€ť has angered other contestants for rights in the sea, especially the Philippines and Vietnam (Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan are also in the fray). The courtâ€™s ruling will further convince China that it was right to move quickly.
There was a further blow to Chinaâ€™s pride: the court ruled that Chinaâ€™s island-building efforts in the Spratlys had caused â€śsevere harm to the coral reef environmentâ€ť. It said the Chinese authorities â€śhad not fulfilled their obligationsâ€ť to stop Chinese fishermen from harvesting endangered species there, including sea turtles, coral and giant clams â€śon a substantial scaleâ€ť.
Wow this is a huge dispute!