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Three Differences Between Managers and Leaders

by Vineet Nayar (HBR Blog Network)

A young manager accosted me the other day. "I've been reading all about leadership, have implemented several ideas, and think I'm doing a good job at leading my team. How will I know when I've crossed over from being a manager to a leader?" he wanted to know.

I didn't have a ready answer and it's a complicated issue, so we decided to talk the next day. I thought long and hard, and came up with three tests that will help you decide if you've made the shift from managing people to leading them.

Counting value vs Creating value. You're probably counting value, not adding it, if you're managing people. Only managers count value; some even reduce value by disabling those who add value. If a diamond cutter is asked to report every 15 minutes how many stones he has cut, by distracting him, his boss is subtracting value.

By contrast, leaders focuses on creating value, saying: "I'd like you to handle A while I deal with B." He or she generates value over and above that which the team creates, and is as much a value-creator as his or her followers are. Leading by example and leading by enabling people are the hallmarks of action-based leadership.

Circles of influence vs Circles of power. Just as managers have subordinates and leaders have followers, managers create circles of power while leaders create circles of influence.

The quickest way to figure out which of the two you're doing is to count the number of people outside your reporting hierarchy who come to you for advice. The more that do, the more likely it is that you are perceived to be a leader.

Leading people vs Managing work. Management consists of controlling a group or a set of entities to accomplish a goal. Leadership refers to an individual's ability to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward organizational success. Influence and inspiration separate leaders from managers, not power and control.

In India, M.K. Gandhi inspired millions of people to fight for their rights, and he walked shoulder to shoulder with them so India could achieve independence in 1947. His vision became everyone's dream and ensured that the country's push for independence was unstoppable. The world needs leaders like him who can think beyond problems, have a vision, and inspire people to convert challenges into opportunities, a step at a time.

I encouraged my colleague to put this theory to the test by inviting his team-mates for chats. When they stop discussing the tasks at hand — and talk about vision, purpose, and aspirations instead, that's when you will know you have become a leader.


leadership calvin and hobbes

Stashed in: Leadership!, Calvin and Hobbes!, Mission, Vision, Management, HBR, Gandhi, Life/ Inspiration, Leadership

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I immediately jumped to the Calvin and Hobbes, which is awesome.

I think the article is excellent but it also tells me that the best managers can also lead well. 

I love Calvin and Hobbes! Here is one of my all time favourites - I used it in my "Business Creativity" class journal with Darren Dahl (BTW, if you have not heard of him, check him out - he teaches at Sauder, UBC and is an amazing professor and human being). 

calvin and hobbes, on creativity

I like the notion that panic induces creativity. :)

And nope, I had never heard of him.

Check him out (plenty of stuff about him if you "google" and let me know if you wanted to connect with him - he gives lectures all over the world, I would be happy to make an introduction. I think you would have tons to talk about. He also teaches a great entrepreneurship class - some cool business came out of it.

This is a different Darren Dahl but look, we came across another interesting person! Darren Dahl I mentioned is a really unconventional prof :)  I cannot believe they made him wear a suit in a video, he really does not like them!

Wow! What are the chances there are two Darren Dahls??

I know, and both pretty well known in their fields! The things you learn every day :)

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